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Avant Garde Black Font On A Yellow' title='Avant Garde Black Font On A Yellow' />Wallonia Wikipedia. Wallonia French Walloniewalni, German Wallonien, Dutch Wallonialoni. Walloon Walonreye. Walloon pronunciation walnj, Luxembourgish Wallounien, vlnin is a region of Belgium. As the southern portion of the country, Wallonia is primarily French speaking, and accounts for 5. Belgium, and a third of its population. Unlike Flanders, the Walloon Region was not merged with the French Community of Belgium which is the political entity that is responsible for matters related mainly to culture and education. The German speaking minority in the east forms the German speaking Community of Belgium, which has its own government and parliament for culture related issues. During the industrial revolution, Wallonia was second only to the United Kingdom in industrialization, capitalizing on its extensive deposits of coal and iron. This brought the region wealth, and, from the beginning of the 1. Wallonia was the more prosperous half of Belgium. Avant Garde Black Font On A Yellow' title='Avant Garde Black Font On A Yellow' />Avant Garde Black Font On A YellowSince World War II the importance of heavy industry has greatly diminished, and the Flemish Region surpassed Wallonia in wealth as Wallonia declined economically. Wallonia now suffers from high unemployment and has a significantly lower GDP per capita than Flanders. The economic inequalities and linguistic divide between the two are major sources of political conflict in Belgium and is a major factor in Flemish separatism. HerbLubalin+TomCarnase+EdwardBenguiat-ITCAvantGardeGothicMedium-1970-1977c.gif' alt='Avant Garde Black Font On A Yellow' title='Avant Garde Black Font On A Yellow' />The capital of Wallonia is Namur but the city with the greatest population is Charleroi. Most of Wallonias major cities and two thirds of its population lie along the Sambre and Meuse valley, the former industrial backbone of Belgium. To the north lies the Central Belgian Plateau, which, like Flanders, is relatively flat and agriculturally fertile. In the south east lie the Ardennes, hilly and sparsely populated. Wallonia borders Flanders and the Netherlands in the north, France to the south and west, and Germany and Luxembourg to the east. Geminis Formed Plastic Sign Letters offer the greatest variety of dimensional plastic letters available today. They are beautiful and are available in many forms. Lead Time 57 Business Days. For custom options call 8002703343. Gemini Sign Letters is an authorized reseller of Gemini Incorporated. Terminology. The term Wallonia can mean slightly different things in different contexts. One of the three federal regions of Belgium is still constitutionally defined. Jaden Smith, cofounder of boxed water startup Just Good Inc., has launched a legal war with another startup selling mayonnaise. Wallonia has been a member of the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie since 1. TerminologyeditThe term Wallonia can mean slightly different things in different contexts. One of the three federal regions of Belgium is still constitutionally defined as the Walloon Region, but the regions government has renamed it Wallonia, and it is commonly called Wallonia. Preceding 1 April 2. Wallonia would sometimes refer to the territory governed by the Walloon Region, whereas Walloon Region referred specifically to the government. Forever 21 is the authority on fashion the goto retailer for the latest trends, musthave styles the hottest deals. Shop dresses, tops, tees, leggings more. Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Easily share your publications and get. In practice, the difference between the two terms is small and what is meant is usually clear, based on context. The root of the word Wallonia, like the words Wales, Cornwall and Wallachia,5 is the Germanic word Walha, meaning the strangers. Wallonia is named after the Walloons, the population of the Burgundian Netherlands speaking Romance languages. In Middle Dutch and French, the term Walloons also included the French speaking population of the Prince Bishopric of Lige6 or the whole population of the Romanicsprachraum within the medieval. Low Countries. HistoryeditJulius Caesar conquered Gaul in 5. BC. The Low Countries became part of the larger Gallia Belgicaprovince which originally stretched from southwestern Germany to Normandy and the southern part of the Netherlands. The population of this territory was Celtic with a Germanic influence which was stronger in the north than in the south of the province. Gallia Belgica became progressively romanized. The ancestors of the Walloons became Gallo Romans and were called the Walha by their Germanic neighbours. The Walha abandoned their Celtic dialects and started to speak Vulgar Latin. The Merovingian. Franks gradually gained control of the region during the 5th century, under Clovis. Due to the fragmentation of the former Roman Empire, Vulgar Latin regionally developed along different lines and evolved into several langue dol dialects, which in Wallonia became Picard, Walloon and Lorrain. The oldest surviving text written in a langue dol, the Sequence of Saint Eulalia, has characteristics of these three languages and was likely written in or very near to what is now Wallonia around 8. AD. 7 From the 4th to the 7th century, the Franks established several settlements, probably mostly in the north of the province where the romanization was less advanced and some Germanic trace was still present. The language border began to crystallize between 7. Merovingians and Carolingians and around 1. Ottonian Renaissance. French speaking cities, with Lige as the largest one, appeared along the Meuse river and Gallo Roman cities such as Tongeren, Maastricht and Aachen became Germanized. The Carolingian dynasty dethroned the Merovingians in the 8th century. In 8. 43, the Treaty of Verdun gave the territory of present day Wallonia to Middle Francia, which would shortly fragment, with the region passing to Lotharingia. On Lotharingias breakup in 9. Belgium became part of Lower Lotharingia, which then fragmented into rival principalities and duchies by 1. Literary Latin, which was taught in schools, lost its hegemony during the 1. Old French. 8In the 1. Dukes of Burgundy took over the Low Countries. The death of Charles the Bold in 1. Ligeois took advantage of this to regain some of their autonomy. From the 1. Low Countries were governed successively by the Habsburg dynasty of Spain from the early 1. Austria until 1. This territory was enlarged in 1. Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor gained the Tournai region from France. Present day Belgium was conquered in 1. French Republic during the French Revolutionary Wars. Planet Hollywood Font - Free Software And Shareware more. It was annexed to the Republic, which later became the Napoleonic Empire. After the Battle of Waterloo, Wallonia became part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands under King William of Orange. The Walloons played an active part in the Belgian Revolution in 1. The Provisional Government of Belgium proclaimed Belgiums independence and held elections for the National Congress. Belgian periodedit. Mons fusillade on 1. April 1. 89. 3. In the 1. Wallonia was the first fully industrialized area in continental Europe. This brought the region great economic prosperity, which was not mirrored in poorer Flanders and the result was a large amount of Flemish immigration to Wallonia. Belgium was divided into two divergent communities. On the one hand, the very catholic Flemish society was characterized by an economy centered on agriculture on the other hand, Wallonia was the center of the continental European Industrial Revolution, where liberal and socialist movements were rapidly emerging. Major strikes and general strikes took place in Wallonia, including the Walloon jacquerie of 1. Belgian general strikes of 1. Misre au Borinage, and 1. After World War II, major strikes included the general strike against Leopold III of Belgium 1. Winter General Strike for autonomy for Wallonia. The profitability of the heavy industries to which Wallonia owed its prosperity started declining in the first half of the 2. Flanders. The loss of prosperity caused social unrest, and Wallonia sought greater autonomy in order to address its economic problems. In the wake of the 1. Winter General Strike, the process of state reform in Belgium got under way. This reform started partly with the linguistic laws of 1. But the strikes of 1. Wallonia more than in Flanders are not principally linked with the four language areas nor with the Communities but with the Regions.