Bank Of America Future Leaders Program

Deadline July 28, 2017 On June 14, applications will open for the World Bank Young Professionals Program 2018. The Young Professionals Program YPP is a starting. Cathy Bessant is the chief operations and technology officer at Bank of America and is a member of the companys executive management team. Bank Of America Future Leaders Program' title='Bank Of America Future Leaders Program' />The Biggest Threat to Americas Future Is. America. On a day when much of the worlds attention is turned to Israel and its elections, Ive been thinking about another foreign story that has been receiving less coverage but could, in the long run, turn out to be equally significant the news that Britain, France, Germany, and Italy have decided, over the objections of the United States, to join the Asia Infrastructure Investment Bank, a new international development institution, set up by China, that is poised to become a potential rival to the World Bank. Who cares about a new development bank, you may ask By way of an answer, let me engage in a bit of historical analysis. It may seem like a pointless detour at first, but I promise to circle back to the news. Many years ago, after the stock market crash of 1. Wall Street told me, Dont bet against the U. S. of A. It turned out to be good advice. Despite forty years of income stagnation for many middle class Americans, a glaring rise in inequality, the Great Recession and its aftermathdespite it all, the American economy is still the worlds most advanced. It represents the production frontier that other countries are working toward. Productivity is higher in the United States than in Europe or Asia, which reflects the countrys deep reservoirs of natural endowments, skilled labor, and technology. American scientific research leads the world, and, according to one U. K. based survey, fifteen of the worlds top twenty universities are American. U. S. financial markets are deeper and more liquid than financial markets elsewhere, and, despite advances in places like the United Kingdom and Hong Kong, there is not yet a real competitor to Silicon Valley and Wall Street when it comes to incubating innovation. Bank Of America Future Leaders Program' title='Bank Of America Future Leaders Program' />To those who argue that the American Century is over, I say look around. If you do, chances are youll be using an American built search engine and an American designed Web browser, and arriving at American produced content. Over the past half century, many countries around the world have closed some of the economic gap with the United States, but with the exception of Norwaya special case because of its tiny size population five million and vast oil reservesnone of them have moved ahead in terms of G. D. P. per capita. This picture may change over the next thirty or forty years, but I wouldnt bet on it. History, economic theory, and common sense all suggest that it is possible to copy the economic leaders methods, but far harder to overtake it. During the seventies and eighties, Western Europe learned this lesson. In the nineties and aughts, it was Japans turn. If China keeps expanding at the rates of the past couple of decades, it will eventually face the same dilemma. Of course, as other countries, especially Asian ones, continue to develop, the U. S. share of global trade, G. D. P., and wealth will diminish. But that wont necessarily reflect any failing on Americas part. It is the inevitable consequence of globalization and the development of a single worldwide market economy. StudentLeaders.jpg' alt='Bank Of America Future Leaders Program' title='Bank Of America Future Leaders Program' />Bank Of America Future Leaders ProgramUntil around 1. Today, Eastern Europe, China, India, and, increasingly, parts of Africa are all active players. As a result, the U. X1 Producer Torrent. S. economy looms less large, in relative terms, than it once did, even as, by almost any measure, America is still number one. One of the reasons these developments matter is that, in the long run, military power and strategic power reflect economic power. The Roman Empire, like other ancient hegemons, was built on an extensive slave economy. Portugal, Spain, and Holland, in their imperial heydays, were great trading nations. The British Empire, which at one point covered almost a quarter of the worlds land, was built on cotton, coal, iron, and steelthe industries of the industrial revolution. As other countries, notably Germany and the United States, caught up, the British were eventually forced to retreat, with the Second World War serving as the decisive blow. Absent an unforeseen catastrophe, Pax Americana wont suffer the same sudden end that Pax Britannica did. But over time it will be challenged, which raises a key question Can the American psyche, and the American political system, adapt to a new reality in which the United States retains its position of leadership but no longer enjoys unquestioned dominance So far, some of the signs are encouraging, while others are worrying. The good news is that the American people, although patriotic and, on occasion, nationalistic, are not by their nature jingoistic imperialists. To the contrary, many of them are instinctively isolationist. Even though the United States maintains scores of military bases around the world, spends more on defense than all the other major powers combined, and is engaged almost constantly in wars somewhere on the planet officially declared or otherwise, most Americans would object to the idea that they have an empire, whether formal or informal. This self deception sometimes borders on the pathological, but from a strategic point of view it is an advantage. It suggests that if the transition to shared world leadership could be managed peacefully, and in a manner that didnt insult U. S. pride, most Americans would probably accept it. Already, we hear calls from U. S. officials for the countrys allies in NATO to beef up their defense spending and take on more of the burden. In Iraq, the United States is now relying on an enemy, Iran, to take the fight on the ground to the Islamic State in Iraq and al Sham, which in the grand scheme of things is a nuisance to the United States, rather than an existential threat. If Americans object to this arrangement, they are keeping strangely quiet about it. Unfortunately, the widespread recognition that America cant do everything coexists with a set of outdated presumptions and practices, which still dominate many policy discussions in Washington and are already doing considerable harm to the U. S. s standing. If these nostrums and patterns of behavior arent updated, they will end up doing far more damage. Indeed, its barely an exaggeration to say that the real threat to American power and influence comes from within America itself, specifically from its increasingly dysfunctional political system. Take the transatlantic diplomatic row over the Asia Infrastructure Investment Bank. In itself, it isnt a huge story, but it is a straw in the wind. In June of last year, China announced that it was expanding its plans for a new international development bank, which would be based in Beijing and would lend money for infrastructure investments across Asia. This happened after the Chinese were repeatedly rebuffed in their efforts to play a larger role in the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, the two big Washington based lending institutions that were set up after the Second World War, and in the Manila based Asian Development Bank, which was founded in 1. Since their establishment seventy years ago, the World Bank and the I. M. F. have played an important role in stabilizing and legitimizing the U. S. dominated global economy, directly furthering U. S. interests in the process. In many other countries, indeed, they have long been viewed as conduits for the Treasury Department and the White House. At least a decade ago, as Asias importance to the world economy increased, smart officials in Washington came to realize that this situation couldnt continue indefinitely, and that if the Bank and the I.